The topography of the Port of Nagasaki resembles an amphitheater looking out to sea. Another major feature of Nagasaki are the houses that extend up the slopes to the summits of the city’s mountains. The lights from these houses give Nagasaki its renowned “million-dollar” nighttime scenery.
The Port of Nagasaki is the focus of the city’s exchanges with other countries. Nagasaki also boasts a number of unique festivals that highlight the city’s food culture and local traditions.

Hashima(Gunkanjima)

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Hashima lies around 4.5km west of the Nagasaki peninsula, 2.5km southwest of the Mitsubishi Mining Company’s main coalmine on the island of Takashima, and 19km southwest of Nagasaki harbor. It is a tiny island with a seabed coalmine. It measures 480m north to south and 160m east to west, with a circumference of 1,200m and an area of 63,000m2. The island is surrounded by a sea wall, and has multi-storey reinforced concrete apartments, giving it the appearance of the warship Tosa. For this reason it has become known as “Gunkanjima” (Battleship Island). After the mine was closed, the island was deserted and fell silent for many years.

Nagasaki Atomic Bomb Museum

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On August 9, 1945, at 11:02 a.m. – three days after the first atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima – the second atomic bomb was dropped over the Urakami district of Nagasaki. This bomb killed or injured 150,000 people.

The Nagasaki Atomic Bomb Museum covers the history of this event in the accessible form of a story. It begins with the disastrous scene of the attack and includes the events leading up to the dropping of the atomic bomb, the reconstruction of Nagasaki up to the present day, the history of nuclear weapons development, and the hope for a peaceful world free of nuclear weapons.

Comparing the scenes of Nagasaki immediately after the bombing with the appearance of the city today, one cannot help but be impressed by the remarkable spirit of survival and the immutable strength of the people of Nagasaki. Although it is too early to say that the war and the atomic bomb remain events of the distant past, we must continue to face the tragic history reflected in each exhibit and consider the meaning of true peace.

Peace Park

56Nagasaki Peace Park is built on a low hill to the north of the hypo-center of the atomic bomb blast. It was created to represent the wish for world peace and a vow that such a tragic war would never be repeated. The park features the 9.7-meter-high Peace Statue symbolizing the Nagasaki citizens’ wish for peace. Sculptor Seibou Kitamura, a Nagasaki native, created this statue as a symbol of the divine love and mercy of Buddha. The raised right hand points to the heavens to signify the threat of atomic weapons while the left arm is raised horizontally to represent the wish for peace. The figure’s eyes are lightly closed in prayer for the souls of the atomic bomb victims. Every year on August 9, the anniversary of the atomic bombing, a peace memorial ceremony is conducted in front of this statue and a peace declaration is made to the people of the world. The park also features the Fountain of Peace, which was built in remembrance of a little girl who wandered in search of water. Visitors can also view a row of monuments contributed by various nations that form the zone of symbols of world peace.


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